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Franko’s Bermuda Adventure and Dive Guide - Franko’s Bermuda Adventure and Dive Guide is a colorful, accurate pictorial map that is like a guide book on one page. It is not only the most beautiful shaded relief map of Bermuda ever made, with all of the details of the island of Bermuda, but it also contains 10,650 words and many photos all about what to see and do on the island. Bermuda is a subtropical paradise that beckons 300,000 visitors per year to its pink sand beaches, turquoise waters, lush reefs, green rolling hills, historic sites, and quaint towns. There are many great reasons that people from North America and Europe go to Bermuda. High on the list of reasons for visiting Bermuda is that many love to golf Bermuda’s famous and spectacular links. Bermuda has world-class golfing. Visitors also love to simply relax on Bermuda’s lovely pink sand beaches. Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map shows the locations and descriptions of all of Bermuda’s fine golf courses and beaches. Visitors also enjoy snorkeling and scuba diving Bermuda’s shipwrecks and coral reefs. Franko’s Bermuda Adventure and Dive Guide shows Bermuda’s best snorkeling spots, and has a comprehensive map of all of Bermuda’s shipwrecks and coral reefs, with full descriptions of every famous site. Of particular interest to Franko is that Bermuda is famously noted amongst divers for having the “world’s best wreck diving”, with five centuries of shipwrecks strewn all around the island’s treacherous encircling reef. That means that not only is Bermuda full of interesting history above the water, but below the water it is even more interesting. Bermuda is also famous for having the northernmost coral reefs in the world, with many of the same fish, corals, sponges and invertebrates as the Caribbean Sea, 1,000 miles to the southwest. Regardless of why you travel to Bermuda, you must snorkel these pristine, fish-filled waters. For others Bermuda is a place to gather for weddings or to have a perfect honeymoon, and a few smart business people schedule their business meetings and conferences in Bermuda. Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map shows these folks all of the favorite things to see and do while they are visiting Bermuda. When you visit Bermuda, using Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map, of course, you will also find that 68,000 smiling Bermudians, who all speak English, but with a certain Bermudian lilt, are thrilled to welcome you and share their island. They love to spread the good will of their unique upbeat multiracial heritage. Bermudians are the friendliest mixture of people on earth. However, a word of caution is warranted….If you study Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map it will cause you to go to Bermuda! You will not be able to resist Bermuda’s call, because the map proves how amazing and interesting this world-class destination is. You will fall in love with Bermuda just by studying Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map! Enjoy your trip to Bermuda!
Side 1 of Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map - This side of the map is the everything-you-need-to-know guide to visiting Bermuda. All of its attractions, transportation, facts and figures are on side 1. Bermuda’s two main towns, St. George’s and Hamilton, are also detailed, so visitors can easily and immediately see the things to see and do as they walk about the towns. This map is a virtual pictorial guide book to Bermuda, with over 5,500 words and 20 photographs on side 1 alone to explain every historic site, the golf courses, scenic sites, the best beaches, favorite snorkeling spots, and Bermuda’s color-coded transportation system of buses and ferries. The following caption from side 1 of Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map will give you an idea of what is on the map:
“CLEARWATER BEACH Cooper’s Island connects with St. David’s Island via a bridge of man-made land, piled here in the building of Bermuda’s runways. This also created two beaches, which have since become part of a lovely beach park. Snorkelers enjoy calm waters and almost always find sea turtles grazing in the sea grasses off-shore. This is a common spot for music festivals and church parties.”
There are still 10,500 more words to read to learn all about Bermuda of Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map. Plus, remember that “a picture tells 1,000 words”, and realize that there are over 20 photographs on side 1 of Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map, plus the whole map itself is the finest picture of them all. This Franko Map captures what Bermuda is all about – it is an amazing compilation of information, laid out on a handy, waterproof, durable synthetic map, which measures 18.5 inches x 26.5 inches, folding to 4.42 inches x 9.25 inches. The color and beauty of this map is unique to Franko Maps, and this is the best and most interesting map of Bermuda ever produced. The inspiring hues of ocean blue and the rolling hills shown in hand-rendered green shaded relief exclaims, “I love Bermuda!”
Side 2 of Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map - This is the dive side of the map, with five dozen of Bermuda’s most famous and popular wreck and reef dives accurately located with over 5,000 words of descriptive details. Combined with side 1 there are a total of 10,650 words on Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map! The basic dive map itself is identical to the map on side 1, but it is zoomed-out to display a larger area to encompass the surrounding Bermudian reef, and all of the things to see and do information is replaced with locations and details all about Bermuda’s most famous and popular dive sites. Bermuda’s reef is infamous in that it has claimed hundreds of ships and boats - from Spanish galleons to modern yachts and fishing boats – over five centuries of history. This Franko Map locates and describes the most interesting and accessible ones which Bermuda dive operators take you to, or which you can reach from shore. With such a long list of sunken ships and boats on such a huge reef, one wonders, “What ships and what treasures have not yet been discovered?” As for the ships that have been found, and as for the ones that are of interest to Bermuda’s visitors, this map captures them all. An example of the wreck dive site descriptions is as follows:
“CRISTÓBOL COLÓN” (1936) This beautiful 10,833-ton, 499' (152m) Spanish Luxury Liner was built in 1923, and is the largest shipwreck in Bermuda. She had a full crew of 160, but no passengers when she ran high and upright onto the reef at 15 knots. North Rock’s light was out of commission at the time. The IRISTO steamed into the rocks the next year, believing the COLÓN to be a ship under way. The U.S. Military used her for target practice during WWII, so she is fully destroyed, with half on one side of the reef, and half on the other, all ranging from 15’ (5m) to 60’ (18m) depth.”
There are 59 more dive site captions, and 5,000 more words of dive site descriptions on Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map. After you study this map you will see why proud Bermudians claim that they host the “world’s best shipwreck diving”. Taking a look at the title block of side 2 you will note that the caption proclaims, “The World’s Best Shipwreck Diving”. Bermudians indeed have an excellent case that these dangerous waters are number one in their variety of diveable wrecks. This comes from five centuries of mariners running into deep trouble on Bermuda’s treacherous reefs. Although Bermuda is subtropical in climate, much of the underwater allure is that Bermuda also enjoys the northernmost coral reefs in the world, which are inhabited by multitudes of tropical Caribbean reef creatures. As on other Franko Maps, 100-plus reef creatures are depicted on this side of the map. The Franko-style of showing reef creatures on maps adds stunning color and attraction to the map. Descending hues of blue waters shows the depth contours, accurately replicating government charts of Bermuda’s waters. Another interesting feature added to the map for divers, snorkelers and other visitors to Bermuda is a trio of charts depicting Bermuda’s weather, sea temperature, water color and typical month-to-month Bermuda water clarity. Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map is not just a things to see and do guide, but it is also an excellent dive guide for Bermuda.
All together, Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map side 1 and side 2 is like a pictorial guide book with over 10,000 words all about what to see and do in Bermuda on an extremely beautiful and accurate map.
Captions on Side 1 of Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map:
There are well over 5000 words of descriptions and facts about Bermuda on this side of the map. This is the tourism GUIDE of Bermuda. Side 2 of the map is specifically for those who love the ocean, that is, the DIVE side of the map. The first set of information is a box filled with Bermuda facts. To state it exactly as it appears on Franko’s Bermuda Guide and Dive Map, it is as follows:
Political Status: British Overseas Territory
Location: 600 mi (970 km) east of North Carolina at 33017’ North, 64047’ West
Land Area: 20.6 sq miles; 53.2 sq kilometers; 13,184 acres
Climate: Subtropical; mild, humid; strong winds common in winter
Native Inhabitants: 55% black; 34% white; 7% multiracial; 4% other
Official Language: English Other Languages: Portuguese
Currency: Bermudian Dollar (on par with U.S. Dollar)
Time: Atlantic (1hour ahead of New York, 4 hours behind London)
Population: Over 68,000
Automobiles drive on the left
Official Bird: Cahow Bermuda Petrel (breeds only in Bermuda)
Official Flower: Bermudiana (shown above)
Official Fish: Blue Angelfish
Besides the basic facts about Bermuda, many of Bermuda’s favorite sites, beaches, golf courses, historical sites, museums, gardens, and tourist spots are pointed out. To quote:
ELBOW BEACH A wide expanse of pink Bermuda sand attracts joggers, walkers, sun bathers, snorkelers, scuba divers, wind surfers, kite boarders, swimmers, and picnickers all day long. Three resort hotels line the beach, and so the western end from the high tide mark up is a private beach for guests of the Coral Beach Resort only. Snorklers should enter at the public beach. The reef starts just 10 meters offshore, and extends for more thatn 1,600 more meters (about a mile) offshore.
BERMUDA UNDERWATER EXPLORATION INSTITUTE This is Bermuda’s most recent and greatest attraction. “BUEI” is designed to amaze, excite and inform every visitor. You will leave with a new understanding and appreciation of the world’s oceans, their beauty and power, their diversity in plant and animal life and their importance to the very survival of our planet. Exhibits include Bermuda Revealed, Underwater Bermuda, Shell Collection, Science at Sea, The Deep, The Dive, Bioluminescence, Shark Cage, Treasure Room, and Shipwreck Gallery.
BOTANICAL GARDENS This wonderful 36-acre garden features hibiscus, roses, frangipani, banyan trees, an enormous ficus tree, and more. A special sensory garden, called The Garden for the Sightless, was designed for the blind, and has braille signs.
DEVONSHIRE BATTERY There were once coastal batteries all along Bermuda’s shoreline. This is a scenic and historic parkland, although now this area is more noted for its bay, beach fun, walking and horse riding.
DEVONSHIRE BAY This bay is surrounded by rocks that make a great home for assorted invertebrates and tropical fish. The snorkeling is great.
PALM GROVE GARDENS This private residence of Sir David Bibbons is open to the public to enjoy the gardens and a Bermuda relief map in a pond. Monday through Thursdays.
VERDMONT MUSEUM Built in 1710, this Georgian-style house has no electricity or modern amenities. Today you’ll see antique furniture, a fabulous cedar staircase, porcelain, and a children’s playroom complete with original furniture and toys.
KITEBOARDING There are several great beaches to kiteboard around Bermuda, including Shelly Bay, Elbow Beach, Warwick Long Bay Beach, Long Bay Beach, Horseshoe Beach, Somerset Long Bay and Grape Bay Beach. But there are restrictions and rules. Check www.bka.bm out the official website of the Bermuda Kiteboarding Association.
DEVIL’S HOLE AQUARIUM Come and fish without a hook at Bermuda’s first and oldest tourist attraction. You’ll likely see angelfish, parrotfish, moray eels, and sea turtles.
JOHN SMITH’S BAY Lifeguards watch over you from April through October in this handicap-convenient beach. The reef snorkeling is just 50 meters out and it is usually calm with exceptional water clarity.
MID OCEAN GOLF CLUB This highly-rated golf course requires an introduction by a member to play it, and features spectacular views. 18 holes, par 71, 6,547 yards.
TUCKER’S POINT GOLF CLUB This resort-style championship golf course features fabulous views of turquoise waters and the surrounding countryside. 18 holes, par 70, 6,361 yards.
KING’S CASTLE This fort is reachable only by boat, but getting to see the oldest masonry English building in the Americas (1612!), and the first stone structure ever built in Bermuda is extremely special. It served for two centuries to defend Castle Harbour’s entrance.
CLEARWATER BEACH Cooper’s Island connects with St. David’s Island via a bridge of man-made land, piled here in the building of Bermuda’s runways. This also created two beaches, which have since become part of a lovely beach park. Snorkelers enjoy calm waters and almost always find sea turtles grazing in the sea grasses offshore. This is a common spot for music festivals and church parties.
POPPLE FORT This fort was carved from bedrock in 1730 to protect the channel into St. George’s Harbour. Access by foot from nearby parks or St. David’s Cricket Field.
FORT CUNNINGHAM Originally built in the 1820’s, it is the only fort with wrought iron frontages. Boat accessible only.
GATES FORT A gate house, gun rampart and block house date to the late 1700’s. Today the town crier greets cruise ships entering this channel, which was widened for large ships in the 1920’s.
ST. CATHERINE’S FORT Built by Bermuda’s first settlers in 1614, right where they first came ashore in 1609. Audio visual displays tell the story, plus there is a weapons collection and a replica of Britain’s Crown Jewels.
ACHILLES BAY Conveniently close to St. George’s Town and Fort St. Catherine, this bay has calm waters and a view of the vast North Atlantic. There is nothing between here and Nova Scotia. St. George’s Island is shaped like a foot, and this bay is the achilles.
TOBACCO BAY This bay has calm waters thanks to a breakwater and an islet blocking the incoming waves. Snorkelers enjoy good visibility in shallow water.
RAILWAY TRAIL In 1931 the Bermuda Railway was completed as the most expensive piece of railway mile-per-mile in the world, just in time for the great depression. The economy shut it down before it could ever get going. By 1948 the rails had all been yanked out and shipped off to British Guiana, and the “Old Rattle and Shake” was officially a riding, walking, and bicycling trail. The trail extends 21 miles across Bermuda, although it is not exactly continuous. Main roads can be followed where there are gaps. Equestrians and mountain bikers join walkers and bird watchers along the Railway Trail.
FERRY POINT MAGAZINE Built from soft Bermuda stone in the 1820’s, this magazine with its courtyard wall was used to store gunpowder.
MARTELLO TOWER Accessible by foot, this tower was built to prevent an attack of St. George’s Island. Built in the 1820’s.
FERRY ISLAND FORT Built in the early 1800’s, all that remains of this fort is an old deteriorating ferry dock.
BLUE HOLE WATERSPORTS Enjoy a day on the water with a kayak, sun cat, windsurfer or a Boston Whalers with complimentary snorkel gear. Located at Grotto Bay Beach Hotel. 293-2915 Also find TRIANGLE DIVING here.
CRYSTAL CAVES & FANTASY CAVES Crystal Caves was discovered in 1904 by two 12-year-old boys searching for their cricket ball. These caves have been a tourist attraction since 1907. What you can explore here is just a fraction of the limestone caves that perforate Bermuda. Neighboring Fantasy Cave is right next to the beautiful Crystal Caves, but it is 88 steps deeper.
SHELLY BAY Beautiful crescent beach with shallow water and all kinds of facilities, including rentals and snacks plus excellent handicap accessibility. Perfect family spot for visitors and local folks. Adjacent to mangrove, which make for terrific bird watching. This bay is good for snorkeling, but if it is windy, the kiteboarders dominate the scene.
RAILWAY MUSEUM & CURIOSITY SHOP This small museum features photos and memorabilia from Bermuda’s old railway system, which was dubbed “Old Rattle and Shake.”
OLD DEVONSHIRE CHURCH This church is believed to have originally been built in the 17th century, and had to be reconstructed after a 1970 explosion. Some items survived the blast, including silver that dates to the 16th century.
OCEAN VIEW GOLF COURSE This popular and challenging course features fabulous north shore ocean views. 9 holes, par 35, 2,940 yards.
BERMUDA NATIONAL STADIUM This 8,500-seat stadium is used by the Bermuda Hogges pro soccer team, plus cricket matches.
WINDJAMMER WATERSPORTS Rent a boat or take a jetski tour. Reservations req’d. 234-3082
FANTASEA With locations at Albuoys Point, Hamilton, Waterlot Dock at Fairmont Southampton, and the Dockyard terminal, Fantasea welcome you for all kinds of watersports activities, plus bicycling, sightseeing and glass bottom boat excursions. 236-1300
ROCK STEADY SAILING Take a cruise aboard this three-masted schooner for the time of your life. 331-6678
K.S. WATERSPORTS & JETSKI TOURS Yes it is true, in Bermuda jetski rentals must be accompanied with a tour guide, but it is still a blast! In Dockyard call 238-4155.
BERMUDA CRAFT MARKET Enjoy and shop for original Bermudian arts and crafts.
BERMUDA JAM FACTORY Take home the taste of Bermuda’s sweet and spicy jam. Also available in stores throughout Bermuda.
DOCKYARD SNORKEL PARK The beach is free and open to the public 10:30 - 6:00 daily. Bring your own snorkel gear, or rent from a store located here. Also available for rental are kayaks, paddle boats, and underwater scooters. The protected coral reef preserve has a marked underwater trail, and has cannons, ceramics and other artifacts amongst plate corals and gorgonians in shallow, calm waters. There are lifeguards on duty and all amenities are nearby.
ROYAL NAVY DOCKYARD & MARITIME MUSEUM This fort was built in the 1820’s to hold the naval base and protect Royal Navy ships anchored here at Grassy Bay. It has cannon ramparts, magazines and bastions, and is home to a wonderful Maritime Museum located within and amongst historic buildings known as “The Keep”. You will enjoy 500 years of Bermuda’s historic maritime spirit when you roam around the Royal Navy Dockyard.
SOMERSET LONG BAY Beginner snorkelers enjoy this easy location and also manage to find a wealth of tropical fishes.
DOCKYARD HIKING Cruiseship passengers and others enjoy a long walk along Ireland Island to Somerset Long Bay. You can return to Dockyard by public bus.
ST. JAMES’S ANGLICAN CHURCH Built in 1789, this church has a unique west-facing altar. The church was restored after being struck by lightning in 1939.
WEST WHALE BAY Whales can be seen December to July. This is a favorite picnic spot and a great snorkling spot, but has no facilities.
SCAUR HILL FORT Built in the 1870’s and used until the 1920’s, this fort defended Sommerset Bridge. It has a small Keep (strong central tower).
BLUE WATER DIVERS & WATERSPORTS Full service dive shop. Boat dives at this location, shore dives and watersport rentals at Elbow Beach. Call 234-1034.
SOMERSET BRIDGE The smallest drawbridge in the western hemishere is just wide enough to let a sailboat mast pass. It was built in 1620 and is the only connection between the Main Island and Somerset Island.
PORT ROYAL GOLF COURSE This Robert Trent Jones-designed golf course was renovated and is now owned by the government. 18 championship-quality holes, play to par 71, 6,842 yards, and a 131 slope rating on the blue tees.
WHALE BAY FORT & BATTERY Two forts from the mid-1700’s defended Hogfish Channel, just offshore here. The Battery contains magazine and store rooms, plus a barracks.
WEST WHALE BAY Whales can be seen December to July. This is a favorite picnic spot and a great snorkling spot, but has no facilities.
CHURCH BAY Enjoy your privacy in this lovely beach park with beautiful snorkeling and picnicking. It has recovered well from Hurricane Fabien’s savage attack in 2003. Visitors walk down from the road above via a steep path.
FAIRMONT SOUTHAMPTON GOLF CLUB This demanding par-3 course features elevated tees and numerous hazards. 18 holes, par 54, 2,684 yards.
RIDDELLS BAY GOLF & COUNTRY CLUB Bermuda’s oldest golf course opened in 1922. Features lots of scenic views. 18 holes, par 70, and 5,854 yards.
DREAMCATCHER BOAT RENTALS Be your own captain on a luxury deck boat. Boat is delivered to your dock. Tel. 53-DREAM
BRIGHTSTAR II Sail aboard a 55’ (17m) yacht. 238-0116
LADYBOATS Trio of luxury boats for charter at Jonathan’s Landing. 236-0127
SOUTH SHORE PARK Lovely beaches, parkland trails and dunes are perfect for a horseback ride. The beaches can be ridden only in the morning. Contact Spicelands Riding Center on Middle Road at 238-8312, Get there via Bus #8.
HORSESHOE BAY Bermuda’s best beach has everything you could want for your day at the beach, including lifeguards, snorkel gear rentals, restrooms, a snack bar, and a gorgeous expanse of Bermuda’s soft rosy pink sand. Locals love this beach park too, and love to camp on the hill above the sand on all holiday weekends. South Shore Park above the bay is a popular equestrian area as well.
JOBSON COVE This tiny beach is one of Bermuda’s coolest hideaways for a private picnic or just to explore. Many people swim or snorkel here from next door at Warwick Long Bay.
WARWICK LONG BAY Almost 2,500 feet (800m) of pink powder sand make this Bermuda’s best jogging beach. It is also a favorite for swimmers, bird watchers, and sun bathers. Equestrians ride the hills just above. A playground adds to the fun for the little ones.
ASTWOOD PARK & COVE Bermuda’s Parks Department maintains this superb park full of nature trails and natural greenery. The Cove is suitable for advanced snorkelers, but is most known as a supremely scenic spot for photogenic island weddings.
BELMONT HILLS GOLF CLUB Features panoramas of Great Sound and Hamilton Harbour. Designed to be challenging with lots of deep bunkers. This course also has lakes separated by a waterfall. 18 holes, par 70, 6,100 yards, and a tough slope rating of 130.
CAHOW (BERMUDA PETREL) Bermudians are proud of their official national bird, which the islanders are bringing back from the brink of extinction. Nonsuch Island in Castle Islands Nature Reserve has recently had the good fortune of a Cahow chick being hatched and fledged. These birds spend most of their lives at sea and only breed in Bermuda.
ST. DAVID’S ISLAND Before Bermuda modernized, and the pretty hotels and upscale housing went in, this is how the island used to look and how they used to live. St. David’s Lighthouse has been a landmark here since 1879, and much of this island seems about that old too. Take Bus #6 from St. George’s.
BERMUDA SHORTS In Bermuda, even the businessmen feel it is perfectly okay to dress in Bermuda Shorts for the summer. Shorts 1” to 3” (2.5 cm to 7.5 cm) above the knee are worn with a nice shirt, maybe a neck tie, plus knee-high socks. However, they are still not acceptable for church or dinner parties. Men wearing shorts began with the British military in hot India in the early 1900’s. British troops received shorts in Bermuda too, and the fashion caught on by the 1920’s, and continues until today.
ONIONS If you were born and raised in Bermuda, you are affectionately entitled to be called an “Onion”. At the turn of the 20th Century, Bermuda was indeed exporting many onions, mostly to the U.S., as one of the island’s major sources of income. “Onions” have a bit of unfamiliar vocabulary as well. For example, to vomit is to “Go Europe”, and pointy shoes are called “Cockroach Killers”. Although they might sound a bit colloquial, Bermudians are amongst the most highly literate people in the world.
There are also captions within two detailed city maps on Franko’s Bermuda Guide and Dive Map. For Hamilton the following is written as guide information on the map:
AR-LA-VILLE PARK Once the garden of Wm. Perot, Bermuda’s first postmaster, now this park is a respite for locals and tourists. A rare Perot 1-cent stamp from 1848 auctioned for $105,000. It was dated and signed by Perot himself.
WALKING TOUR OF HAMILTON Starting near the dock at the Visitors Service Bureau, this path will take 2 or 3 hours, and you will enjoy and love Bermuda’s beautiful capital city, Hamilton.
FORT HAMILTON Built to protect the harbour in the 1870’s against possible American attacks. Although it has guns, cannons, and ramparts, its main attraction is the marvelous gardens within the walls and the wild semi-tropical forest of the surrounding dry moat.
CATHEDRAL OF THE MOST HOLY TRINITY Bermuda’s beautiful cathedral known as the mother church of its Anglican diocese. You can climb 157 steps up into its tower for one of the best views in Bermuda.
For St. Georges town, the following captions guide you:
ST. GEORGE’S HISTORICAL SOCIETY MUSEUM Set in a home built circa 1700, this museum contains an original 18th-century Bermuda kitchen, a 300-year-old Bible, a letter from George Washington, and more.
THE OLD RECTORY Built in the late 17th century by reformed pirate George Dew, this is one of the oldest buildings in Bermuda.
ST. PETER’S CHURCH Built in 1713,this is the oldest Anglican place of worship in the Western Hemisphere. Some headstones in the churchyard are nearly 300 years old.
BERMUDA PERFUMERY Buy fragrant favorites, made here on the island. Local flowers and citrus influence the beautiful perfumes.
BERMUDA NATIONAL TRUST MUSEUM Learn all about Bermuda’s activities of the U.S. Civil War in the early 1860’s, when Confederate boats came here to elude the Union blockade. Get a Confederate Seal from the original press of the Confederate States of America.
TUCKER HOUSE MUSEUM This house was built in the mid-18th century, and was home to Henry Tucker. Features old furniture, silver, and portraits, an 18th-Century kitchen, and cellars with archeological exhibits.
CARRIAGE MUSEUM It was 1946 before motor cars began to replace the carriage as Bermuda’s means of transportation. This museum holds a fantastic collection of the island’s fine carrriages.
DELIVERANCE This is a replica of a ship built in 1610 right here in Bermuda, which was sailed west to Jamestown.
WALKING TOUR OF ST. GEORGE’S Starting in King’s Square, this fascinating 2 to 3 hour walk will acquaint you with the real Bermuda, via the back streets of St. George’s.
FEATHERBED ALLEY PRINTERY Here you can see a replica of the Gutenberg printing press, invented in the 1450’s.
UNFINISHED CATHEDRAL The building of this cathedral started in the 1870s, and it was never finished. Beautiful ruins remain, with the sky as the ceiling and grass as the floor.
One of the more useful bits of information on the face of Franko’s Bermuda Guide and Dive Map is in regard to transportation. Bus routes and ferry routes are shown. It is of note that there are no rental cars on Bermuda, so Bermuda’s ferries and buses are important to travelers and locals alike. Here is the getting around Bermuda by ferry info:
THE BERMUDA FERRY Visit www.seaexpress.bm for details.
PINK ROUTE HAMILTON-PAGET-WARWICK Visitors and residents who are near Harbour Road cruise these delightful routes year-round. Big homes and charming cottages dot the shoreline.
BLUE ROUTE HAMILTON-WEST END-DOCKYARD Visitors enjoy sightseeing and turquoise waters as they cruise over to the Royal Navy Dockyard. Once there you can explore the museums and forts, or shop and eat and a number of great spots. You can also enroll in some watersports while you are there.
ORANGE ROUTE HAMILTON-DOCKYARD-ST. GEORGE’S Visitors travel to St. George’s, an historic World Heritage Site, and the cultural centre of Old Bermuda. Passengers have ferried this route for over 300 years. St. George’s forts, museums, churches and old world back alleys beckon to be explored.
GREEN ROUTE HAMILTON-ROCKAWAY Locals benefit from this newer commute route, but it is also for visitors who want to get across island to shop.
NOTE: Scooters are allowed on the orange and green lines only. Captions on Side 2 of Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map:
Captions on Side 2 of Franko’s Bermuda Guide & Dive Map:
BERMUDA SHIPWRECK CERTIFICATE The Bermuda Department of Tourism gives certificates to visitors who dive and explore any or all of 22 favourite shipwrecks. These 22 wreck dives appear on the lists at the center of this map and are marked with an asterisk (*). Your Bermuda dive operator will provide your certificate free of charge. This is your permanent reminder that Bermuda is the top shipwreck dive destination in the world. See www.divebermuda.com/certs.aspx for details of these wrecks.
SEA VENTURE (FERRY) (2007) Named after the ship that brought the first colonists to Bermuda in 1609, this government ferry was scuttled here after preparation to create a reef for sea life and a new attraction for divers. The sandy bottom is 60’ (18m) deep here, and this 75’ (23m) boat reaches within 30’ (9m) of the surface. A huge old grouper has taken up residence, and this boat will slowly become encrusted.
CONSTELLATION (1943) This beautiful four-masted American Schooner was heading from New York to Venezuela carrying a 2000-ton load, including 700 cases of Scotch whiskey, drugs and supplies. However, she was badly leaking, so she was diverted to Bermuda. Heavy currents carried her into the reef here, where she went down. The whiskey was saved. Divers have found numerous drug bottles, and a huge assortment of goods, giving her the nickname, “The Woolworth Wreck”. She sits in 30’ (9m) of water just 10’s of meters from the Montana Wreck.
WESTERN BLUE CUT This beautiful reef stretches for miles. The water is crystal clear, and several shipwrecks are found here including the CONSTELLATION. This site is a popular destination for glass-bottom boats.
L'HERMINIE (1838) This 60-gun, 300' (91m) French Frigate was on duty in Caribbean waters when her crew became ill with yellow fever. She was headed from Havana back to France when she ran into rough weather, and the captain decided to shelter in Bermuda. Instead, she wound up on the reef and sank. 495 crewmen were brought into Ely’s Harbour safely by locals. 40 cannons and a few cannon balls, plus a nice anchor can still be found at about 35’ (11m) depth.
SANTA ANA (1605) It is presumed, though not authenticated that this wreck is a Spanish Nao that was en route from Honduras to Spain with a load of tropical hardwoods. She sits in just 12’ (4m) of water.
HMS VIXEN (1896) This Royal Navy Ship was the first twin screw ship of the British Navy, and she was a teak-clad iron hull vessel. However, she was so slow and inadequate that the she eventually wound up being used as a dormitory to house dockyard laborers, and later scuttled to block the channel against enemy ships. She is popular in visits with glass bottom tour boats. Most of Her structure is just under the water, and her bow still protrudes above.
MINERVA (1849) The actual whereabouts of the Minerva is not known, although the Bermuda $3 stamp indicates she was a two-masted schooner and that she went down in 1849. There was another Minerva that went down in 1795, but it has never been found either.
LORD AMHERST (1778) The 24-gun English Armed Transport vessel sits in just 20’ (6m) of water. Her sinking is a mystery, but she was being used at the time as a hospital ship to carry the injured from the Revolutionary War back to England.
DARLINGTON (1886) This 1,990-ton, 285.5' (87m)English Steamer lies on her port side in just 15’-30’ (5m-9m) of water beckoning divers to check out her boilers, winches and prop shaft. She went down with over 5,000 bales of cotton and 15,000 bushels of grain when her captain failed to post a lookout when approaching Bermuda’s treacherous reefs. An unknown Spanish Galleon’s sparse remains are a short swim away.
MUSSEL (1926) Tragedy struck this double-ended cedar Fishing Ketch, in which local fishermen lost their lives when their boat sank on the reef. She sits in sand at a depth of 25’ (8m).
CAESAR (1818) This English Brigantine rests in 35’ (11m) of water on a sandy bottom, having wrecked while en route from England to Baltimore. Only part of her cargo of grindstones, vials, clock parts, glassware, lead oxide and a marble cornice for a Baltimore chapel were ever recovered.
SAN ANTONIO (1621) This Portugese Nau was under Spanish charter sailing from Columbia to Spain with a load of hides, wool, indigo, tobacco, sarsaparilla, and 5,000 pounds of gold and silver. 120 survivors were beaten into giving the location and contents of the ship’s booty to locals. Bermuda's governor soon quit his post and disappeared with the loot.
BLANCHE KING (1920) This beautiful, four-masted, 1,156-ton, 192' (58.5m) American Schooner stranded on the reef and sank with her load of coal. Divers find her retractable keel, machinery and a capstan at a depth of 35’ (11m).
HUNTERS GALLEY (1752) This Colonial Sloop was heading from St. Eustatius, Bahamas to South Carolina, when two separate gales ripped her rigging. The captain headed for Bermuda for safety and repairs when a third gale put her on the reef 200 meters offshore in just 12’ (4m) of water. Only some ballast and timbers remain.
AIRPLANE WRECK This World War II B-29 Bomber survived the war, but crashed into the sea after take-off in 1961. All eight on board jump to safety before she hit. Divers enjoy exploring her fuselage, wings and propellers, which sit at 30’ (9m) depth.
NORTH CAROLINA (1880) At 533 tons and 205' (62m) in length this beautiful English Iron Barque creates a beautiful dive as she sits upright at 25’-45’ (8m-14m) deep. The year she sank a valiant salvage attempt was made, but her anchor tore loose as she was being refloated, and it busted right through her hull, so she sank for good.
MARY CELESTIA (MARI CELESTE) (1864) She was a 207-ton Confederate Paddle Steamer that was a blockade runner, carrying beef, bacon, ammunition and rifles to the short-handed confederates. The Pilot had just proclaimed, “I know every rock here as well as I know my own house.”, and then the ship struck a rock and sank in minutes. The cook ran down below for personal belongings, and never made it out alive. She sits at 55’ (17m) depth in a sand hole, covered by sand. But Her paddlewheels and engine are extraordinarily photogenic for exuberant divers.
SOUTHWEST BREAKER Perhaps Bermuda’s most interesting reef dive, divers descend no more than 36’ (11m) and explore in and around a huge coral head, with caves and fissures. There are a myriad reef creatures, plus the purple sea fans and corals are beautiful. Southwest Breaker has a cavernous cut that runs through it, making for amazing dive scenery. However, breakers boil over the reef, and in surgy conditions this can be dangerous and difficult, so the reef has to be dived on a day that is reasonably calm.
KING (1984) This 1941-built American Tug was also used as a salvage boat and a dive boat before finally being sunk for a reef and dive site. Her stern sits in sand at 65’ (20m) depth, and she lists heavily to the starboard. Divers visit her pilot house, galley, and peek into her engine room. This 55’ (17m) tug makes for excellent photos.
SHELL HOLE The name of the site is the perfect description. It includes cowries, conchs, and many more, at a typical depth of 65’ (20m).
VIRGINIA MERCHANT (1661) This English Vessel was owned by the Virginia Company and was carrying 179 passengers and crew from Plymouth, England to Jamestown when she was torn up on the reef just 250 meters from shore. In spite of how close to shore she was, only 10 survived. There are only a few remnants of wood, some ballast and her anchor left. Restricted Dive Site.
HERMES (1984) This World War II U.S. Navy Buoy Tender fell into disrepair and was abandoned in Bermuda. Unable to be sold, the government handed her over to the Bermuda Divers Association, who turned her into a fine wreck dive. She sits upright at 80’ (24m), just waiting for another set of divers to explore her.
SANDY HOLE Vertical coral reefs run along shore with this Sandy Hole at 6’-33’ (2m-10m) depth in between. It is the solid reef that has stopped so many ships dead in the water over the past 400 years. However, the impenetrable reef proves to be a great second dive or snorkel adventure.
MINNIE BRESLAUER (1873) This 300' (91m) English Steamer was heading from Spain to New York when she hit Bermuda’s reef and began to sink. She was under tow to St.George’s when she went down for good onto her port side right here at 50’-65’ (15m-20m) depths. Her bow is banged up in the reef and her stern is on sand.
HOLE IN THE WALL This shallow second dive is just 6’-40’ (2m-12m) deep, but it has amazing pilars and domes of coral, with caves, swim-throughs and gullies. An especially photogenic hole through the reef gives it the name. Large fish including barracuda and tarpon, plus some huge snappers add to the interest.
POLLOCKSHIELDS (1915) This German supply ship was captured by the British in 1914, and was thus listed as a 323' (98m) English Steamer. She had a load of British ammo when she struck the reef in heavy seas, having come out of a dense fog, with the appearance of Bermuda’s reef being a big surprise. The captain was lost overboard, but all others survived. Hotel guests witnessed the whole shipwrecking. Divers and snorkelers find the scattered 20’-40’ (6m-12m)-deep remnants fascinating, and many explore from the beach.
TARPON HOLE The reef here is full of massive overhangs, caves, and tunnels, which host large numbers of tarpon, which feed on myriads of silversides. The dive depth is 10’-40’ (2m-12m), but access requires a boat.
APOLLO (1890) This 36’ (11m), two-masted American Schooner was bound from Turks Island to Nova Scotia with a load of salt when she succumbed to Bermuda’s reefs and sank in just 20’ (6m) of water.
DEVIL'S HOLE In the corner of Harrington Sound is a large sinkhole, the result of a collapsed subterranean cave, which exchanges water from the Atlantic. The result is a large, beautiful, natural aquarium with reef fish, morays and green sea turtles. Tourists have checked out the Devil’s Hole Aquarium from platforms, but divers explore the shallow cave openings, and especially enjoy night diving here. 10’ (3m) depth.
KATE (1878) Nearly all of the 3,602 bales of cotton cargo were saved after this 200' (61m) English Steamer struck a reef and had to be grounded. Divers today check out her boilers, engine, prop shaft and winches. Her propeller sits on top of the reef in 20’ (6m) of water, but the Kate sits at 45’ (14m) depth.
SOUTH SHORE CORAL REEF PRESERVE Bermuda laws protect all corals from damage and specifically prohibits removing any marine organisms live or dead, even shells, from the Coral Reef Preserves.
H.M.S. CERBERUS (1783) This 126' (38m) English Frigate with 32 guns hit the reef and sank coming out of Castle Harbour. She is also called the “Musketball Wreck”, because so much shot has been found in and around her remnants. After she sank the British Admiralty forbade the use of Castle Harbour for anchorage for Her Majesty’s Ships.
KATHERINE (1763) All that remains of this English Brigantine is some ballast and timbers. Five lives were lost when she went down en route from Philadelphia to Jamaica.
PELINAION (1940) This 4,291-ton, 385'-long by 50’-beam (117m by 17m) Greek Steamer was heading from West Africa to Baltimore when she struck the reef right here off St. David’s Island. Now she rests at 55’ (17m) depth, but rises to within 10’ (3m) of the surface. Divers explore her huge boilers and engine room, and check out a huge spare prop, still strapped to her deck.
RITA ZOVETTA (ZOVETTO) (1924) This 5,107-ton, 400’ (120m) Italian Steamer was en route from the Black Sea to Baltimore with a load of manganese ore when she missed the channel and ran into solid rock. The crew was saved, and the cargo was salvaged. She sits from 20’ (6m) to 70’ (21m) deep outside the breakers, and is penetrable for courageous divers.
WYCHWOOD (1955) This 2,506-ton, 302' (92m) English Steamer was sailing from Nova Scotia to Trinidad with a load of Baryte to be used in the processing of sugar. But she ran aground in just 18’ (5.5m) of water, while yet 10 miles from the Gibbs Hill Lighthouse. She was towed off the reef, and was anchored at Five Fathom Hole to await repairs, but the next day an incoming hurricane turned the leaking into a flood, and she went down in 50’ (15m) to 60’ (18m) of water. She was blown up because she was a navigational hazard, so now her remains are scattered.
SEA VENTURE (1609) The Sea Venture is a completely protected wreck and cannot be visited. This English Flagship brought Bermuda’s first settlers. Sea Venture was the Flagship of a fleet bringing settlers from Plymouth, England to Jamestown, Virginia. However, a ferocious hurricane blew her off course and separated her from six other vessels in her fleet. She was deliberately grounded by Admiral Sir George Somers to save her and her 150 passengers, plus a dog. These people inadvertently became Bermuda’s first colonists. Two sailing vessels were built by these first Bermudians, and this tiny fleet was then sailed to Jamestown in 1610, leaving behind only three men. Upon arrival the new Jamestown settlers found that only 60 of Jamestown’s 500 early settlers had survived their first two years in their new world. Note that the Bermuda Coat of Arms features a depiction of heavy seas wrecking the Sea Venture. The Latin banner proclaims “Quo Fata Ferunt”, which means “Whither the Fates Carry Us.” Restricted Dive site.
COL. WILLIAM BALL (1943) During WWII this 119' (36m) Yacht was converted for U.S. Army Transportation, but severe weather drove her onto Mills Breakers, where she still lies is just 15’ (5m) to 26’ (8m) of water. A wreck investigation discovered that the Mills Breakers warning buoy had disappeared during the high seas, resulting in the loss of the ship.
AVENGER (1894) Bermuda’s “Mills Breakers” reef claimed this fine English Brigantine as she sailed from Nova Scotia to the Caribbean via Bermuda. She is one of at least three wrecks that this reef has sunk.
BEAUMARIS CASTLE (1873) This 1,040-ton, 202’ (61.5m) English iron-hulled sailing vessel had sojourned all the way from Calcutta en route to New York when she met her demise on Bermuda’s wicked Mills Breakers reef. Attempts to refloat her failed, and one man lost his life and others were poisoned as they inhaled noxious fumes during efforts to get her back up. This tragedy led to abandoning further attempts to refloat the vessel, although the cargo was saved. Divers find a row of deadeyes marking her location, and a bow that points to the surface at 25’ (8m) depth on the north side of Mills Breakers.
TAUNTON (1920) This 1,329-ton, 228' (69.5m) Norwegian Cargo Ship was en route from Norfolk Virginia to St. George’s, Bermuda with a load of coal, when a misty fog hid the reef that she hit. Her engine and boilers are investigated by divers, as well as her widely scattered wreckage. Her depth is only 20’ (6m).
IRISTO (ARISTO) (1937), This 1,821-ton, 251' (76.5m), made-in-U.S.A. Norwegian Steamer was coming into Bermuda from St. John’s, Newfoundland when she ran into the reef. Her captain had actually changed course to “follow” the COLÓN, which he didn’t realize was sitting high, wrecked on the reef since a year before. She was being towed to port the next day, but sank at this spot due to her considerable damage. Her bow and stern are still intact, sitting in 55’ (17m) of water. Divers find photogenic opportunities in her anchors, boilers, engine and a broken propeller.
MANILLA (1750's) The remains of this unknown wrecked Dutchman lie upside-down in just 15’ (5m) of water.
ELDA (1956) This 45' (14m) American Yacht was racing from Newport, R.I. to Bermuda, but ran into the reef upon reaching her destination. Her 3-ton lead keel is still there, but that’s all that a diver might find, other than tons of fish and a beautiful reef.
EAGLE (1659) The crew and passengers of this English Merchantman had to take to the lifeboats when she ran into Bermuda’s reef while voyaging from Plymouth, England to Jamestown, Virginia. She wasn’t discovered until 1956 when the Elda almost sank right on top of her. A few old artifacts have been recovered, but the only thing to find at the site today are two encrusted cannons.
CRISTÓBOL COLÓN (1936) This beautiful 10,833-ton, 499' (152m) Spanish Luxury Liner was built in 1923, and is the largest shipwreck in Bermuda. She had a full crew of 160, but no passengers when she ran high and upright onto the reef at 15 knots. North Rock’s light was out of commission at the time. The IRISTO steamed into the rocks the next year, believing the COLÓN to be a ship under way. The U.S. Military used her for target practice during WWII, so she is fully destroyed, with half on one side of the reef, and half on the other, all ranging from 15’ (5m) to 60’ (18m) depth.
ALERT (1877) This sleek Bermuda Fishing Sloop set off for a fishing trip, but never returned. A month later she was found in 40’ (12m) of water just south of North Rock, but with no survivors. Divers find that jacks and barracuda make a home of her remnants now, along with all kinds of reef fish. The water is pristine and visibility is in excess of 80’ (24m).
MADIANA (1903) At 3,045 tons and 345' (105m), this huge iron-hulled Canadian Passenger Steamer hit the reef with force while en route from New York to the West Indies, via Hamilton, Bermuda. She went down, but all hands escaped on life boats. Her engine was salvaged during WWII, but wreckage can be seen by divers, including her boilers. Her stern overhangs a sand hole, and her keel sits on a hard coral bottom at 25’ (8m) depth. Visibility is great.
CARAQUET (1923) This English Mail Steamer was stopping at Bermuda while sailing from St. John (Virgin Islands) to Halifax when she went down in a treacherous current after smashing into the reef here. Her wreckage is scattered over an area the size of two soccer fields, but divers still find her four big boilers, corroding deck plating, piping, winches, capstans, and a big encrusted anchor.
SAN PEDRO (1596) This 350-ton Spanish Nau was amongst its sister ships in the Spanish “Nueva España Flota” when she went down, not to be found again until 1951. This turned out to be the first major treasure recovery of the 20th Century. Only a few timber remnants and ballast remain to be found. A famous emerald-studded cross, which was recovered by San Pedro’s discoverer Teddy Tucker, was stolen. Restricted Dive site.
XING DA (1997) This 221' (67m) Chinese Smuggling Vessel was used for smuggling contraband, weapons, people, and loot for 30 years. She was seized by the U.S. Coast Guard in 1996 while smuggling 86 Chinese nationals to the U.S., and then the broken down ship was scuttled outside the reef in 104’ (31m) of water in 1997. Trash, waste, oil, and bulkhead doors were removed before sinking. She is a haven for big snappers, barracuda, and groupers.
MARK ANTONIO (1777) This Spanish Ship is known as a “double-ended Mediterranean privateer” and was en route from St. Eustatius to Cape Henlopen, Delaware with a stop in Bermuda. Explorer Teddy Tucker discovered her sparse remnants, including musket shot and cannon balls, in the early 1960’s.
KING GEORGE (THE DREDGER) (1930) This 388-ton, 171’ (52m) Dredger was in service in Bermuda from 1911 to 1930, then scuttled because they had a new dredge. Now she is useful as a dive site, with a full encrustation of hard and soft corals and lots of fish. Depth: 60’ (18m)
MONTANA/NOLA (1863) This was a 750-ton, 236' (72m) English Paddlewheel Steamer that ran blockade for the Confederacy during the U.S. Civil War. She was headed for Bermuda to take on coal when she ripped a 10’ (3m) hole in her side and went down. Divers descend 30’ (9m) to find her bow surprisingly intact, her paddlewheels very recognizable, and her fantail completely encrusted in marine growth.
LARTINGTON (1879) Divers find this 245' (75m) English Steamer to be exquisitely photogenic. Her bow lies on its port side mostly intact, her mid-section is crumbling and scattered, although her boilers are recognizable, and a broken prop is the highlight of exploring her stern. This wreck sits in 15’-30’ (5m-9m) of water.
NORTH SHORE CORAL REEF PRESERVE Bermuda laws protect all corals from damage and specifically prohibits removing any marine organisms live or dead, even shells, from the Coral Reef Preserves.
EASTERN BLUE CUT (BLUE HOLE) Spectacular reefs host a myriad of tropical fishes. As with most reefs around Bermuda, this one has a number of shipwrecks. A great place for snorkeling.
CURLEW (1856) This 528-ton, 182’ (55.5m), steel-hulled, 3-masted English Steamer sailed the Halifax-Bermuda-St. Thomas route, but ran into the reef in rough seas. All aboard were saved, plus seven out of nine mail bags were rescued. She sits one mile east of North Rock at 35’ (11m) depth in beautiful, clear water.
**RESTRICTED WRECKS These sites are not for recreational diving. Special permission must be obtained to dive here.
*SHIP WRECK CERTIFICATE DIVE Select Bermuda dive operators in cooperation with the Bermuda Dept. of Tourism give certificates of completion of dives on these wrecks.
RAMONA (1967) This 120' (37m) Canadian Charter Yacht ran aground en route from Nova Scotia to the island of St. Lucia. Only five crewmembers survived. She was raised with hopes of making her seaworthy again, but it couldn’t be done and the ship was sunk again where the wreck of the DRY DOCK is located.
DRY DOCK Deliberately sunk in 60’ (18m) of water 300 meters from shore. Another wreck, the RAMONA, actually sits inside this old dry dock.
SPANISH WRECK (~1700)
DOCKYARDS SNORKEL PARK
SPANISH URCA (1563)
BERMUDA SHIPWRECKS NOTE: All wrecks and their artifacts are protected, nothing can be damaged or removed from any wreck.